Private LoRa Network-LoRa Modbus RTU connection
Aecl launched devices for LoRa Modbus RTU communication includes IAQ sensors, master gateway and RS485 to LoRa converter. In this article, you can find the working principle of how to use the private LoRa network for indoor air quality monitoring or integrating your existing devices into wireless network. Comparing to the wired connection, wireless connection is more flexible for the installation and also allows lower cost. The cost and effective LoRa network is ideal for smart logistics, food storage, building automation, smart agriculture and so on.
I. PrefaceWhen it comes to the wireless integration of field devices, most system integrators will encounter the challenge of different protocols between facilities and systems. Besides, in the renovation case of the old building, the fixed distribution of pipes and cables makes the sensor deployment more complex and increases the installation cost as well. With regard to these difficulties, Aecl develops the devices with the LoRa Modbus RTU communication to provide an optimal wireless solution.
II. IntroductionThe LoRa Modbus RTU communication is based on Semtech RF technology which features on long-range wireless modem and provides ultra-long range spread spectrum communication and high interference immunity. The data format is Modbus RTU protocol which is commonly used in the automation system and enables the users to easily integrate the existing Modbus RTU devices. The LoRa Modbus RTU communication is widely used in smart building, smart logistics and smart agriculture as a rather cost and effective solutions for the long range and low data transmission.
A. Wireless air quality monitoringTo deploy the private LoRa network in indoor air quality monitoring system, users will need Aecl LoRa sensor and the AUS-401 LoRa gateway. As shown in figure 1, the LoRa sensors could be easily paired up with the LoRa gateway. Users can interface the gateway with their back end system or PLC to access the real time air quality data in Modbus RTU data format.
AUS-401 GatewayThe AUS-401 master gateway is able to wirelessly collect the data from maximum 32 units of Aecl air quality transmitters and send the data via RS485 or RS232 interface to the system or PLC. The data format is in standard industrial protocol Modbus RTU.
LoRa Air quality transmittersAecl released a whole series of wireless IAQ sensor nodes including temperature, humidity, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, PM2.5, PM10, HCHO, TVOC, illuminance and oxygen measurement. With Semtech SX1272 RF chip embedded, the Aecl LoRa transmitter could automatically pair up with AUS-401 master gateway to transmit the measurement data. Besides, the interface could be changed by DIP switches from LoRa wireless interface to RS485 wired interface which provides higher flexibility of the installation.
B. Wireless device controlAecl develops the smart plug and hope to provide users the solution of wireless automation control. The smart plug could be controlled wirelessly by the system via AUS-401 gateway. As indicated in figure 2, users can define the set point in their back end system and send the instruction to the AUS-401 master gateway. When the indoor air quality is over the defined point, the AUS-401 master gateway will send signal wirelessly to the smart plug to turn on or off the ventilation devices such as ventilation fan or alarm.
C. Wireless integration of the existing facilitiesTo provide a more convenient way to integrate the existing devices to the IoT network, Aecl designs the AUS-405 RS485/ RS232 to LoRa converter as the media for integrating the existing devices such as flow meter, electric meter, water meter and etc. As shown in Fig. 3, the AUS-405 converter is able to collect the data from the existing facilities via RS485 or RS232 interface and send the data to the AUS-401 master gateway via wireless LoRa communication. Each AUS-405 could connect with 32 units of facilities. The AUS-405 converter allows the users to simplify the process of field devices integration and reduce the cost.
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Aecl launched devices for LoRa Peer to peer communication includes IAQ sensors, master gateway and RS485 to LoRa converter. In this article, you can find the working principle of how to use the private LoRa network for indoor air quality monitoring or integrating your existing devices into wireless network. Comparing to the wired connection, wireless connection is more flexible for the installation and also allows lower cost. The cost and effective LoRa network is ideal for smart logistics, food storage, building automation, smart agriculture and so on.
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Adopting advanced CMOSens sensing technology, the AHT-503 Series temperature and humidity transmitter is designed as the reliable sensor node of temperature and humidity measurement and usually used with the Aecl AUS-40X gateway to build up the private LoRa network. It is equipped with both wired RS485 and wireless LoRa interface which could be changed by DIP switches, meanwhile, the configuration enables its high flexibility of installation. Particularly, the programmable Modbus RTU protocol makes the AHT-503 transmitter ideal for process integration. The LoRa frequency of the AHT-503 temperature and RH transmitter will follow the Aecl master gateway and will be adjustable under range 862 ~ 932 MHz. Moreover, bright LCD display is optional and 4 types of enclosure are available, include wall mount type, duct mount type, outside Air type and separate type with remote sensing probe. The private LoRa sensor is widely used in the smart agriculture, smart building and smart home by system integrators who plan to implement the wireless network. The LoRa temperature and humidity transmitter have also been calibrated to exhibit excellent temperature and humidity stability.
The LoRa version AQD-101 Air Quality display wirelessly measures temperature, Relative humidity (RH), PM2.5 and Carbon dioxide, meanwhile, controls the ventilation devices through three dry contacts which could be specified as temperature, RH, PM2.5 or CO2 to optimize the building efficiency. The 4-in-1 air quality display impresses by its huge, bright and clear 7 segments LED display which allows the passengers in the public space to check the air quality, clock, and calendar information immediately. The wireless air quality display equipped with switchable RS485 interface and LoRa interface which could be easily changed by DIP switches. The LoRa frequency of the AQD-101 Air Quality display will follow the Aecl master gateway and will be adjustable under range 862 ~ 932 MHz. Combining four air quality measurements and three dry contacts in one device makes the 4-in-1 air quality display a cost and effective product. Thanks to the multiple functions, the users could achieve the wireless IAQ measurement and device control simultaneously in one device.
The AVC-310 series LoRa CO2 transmitter uses novel gold-plated infrared (NDIR) wave-guide technology to ensure its reliable and accurate reading, long-term stability and long life time. The wireless CO2 transmitter is equipped with swappable RS485 and LoRa interface which could be changed via DIP switches. Moreover, one SPDT dry contact output, which could be configured to a user defined CO2 set point, is designed for demand controlled ventilation in smart agriculture or smart building application. Using Semtech long range low power wireless communication technology, the AVC-310 LoRa CO2 Transmitter is used as the reliable sensor node in the LoRa internet of things. Besides, in addition to the standard CO2 measurement range 0 to 2,000 ppm, high level measurement range 0 to 9999 ppm is also optional.Long term exposure under improper CO2 concentration could cause health issue, for example, inflammation, headache, asthma and bone problems. Most system integrators or individual use the CO2 Transmitter together with the BMS system or air-conditioning system to alert people for the change of CO2 level. When the CO2 concentration is higher than the setting point, AVC-310 can trigger the backend alarm or ventilation devices with relay output to make the air circulation work to adjust the indoor air quality.